We report on the results of a country-wide survey of people’s perceptions of issues relating to the con-servation of biodiversity and ecosystems in India. Our survey, mainly conducted online, yielded 572respondents, mostly among educated, urban and sub-urban citizens interested in ecological and environ-mental issues. 3160 ‘‘raw’’ questions generated by the survey were iteratively processed by a group ofecologists, environmental and conservation scientists to produce the primary result of this study: a sum-marized list of 152 priority questions for the conservation of India’s biodiversity and ecosystems, whichrange across 17 broad thematic classes. Of these, three thematic classes—‘‘Policy and Governance’’,‘‘Biodiversity and Endangered Species’’ and ‘‘Protection and Conservation’’—accounted for the largestnumber of questions. A comparative analysis of the results of this study with those from similar studiesin other regions brought out interesting regional differences in the thematic classes of questions thatwere emphasized and suggest that local context plays a large role in determining emergent themes.We believe that the ready list of priority issues generated by this study can be a useful guiding frameworkfor conservation practitioners, researchers, citizens, policy makers and funders to focus their resourcesand efforts in India’s conservation research, action and funding landscape.
Biological Conservation, 187: 201-211