As a wildlife biologist, Sanjay’s work focuses on the conservation of large carnivores like tigers and leopards, working on applied aspects and understanding their population biology, proposing conservation policies for their protection, and working to minimise human-wildlife conflict.
Sanjay's PhD examined factors underlying the variation of leopard distribution across a habitat modification gradient in Karnataka, and evaluated approaches to management of leopard-human conflict to help achieve a better understanding and management of this beleaguered species.
His work further involves reducing the impacts of habitat fragmentation, collaborating with the Karnataka Forest Department for the expansion of protected areas, understanding the impact of highways and roads on wildlife, conservation of forest corridors, providing alternatives for forest-based resources to local communities, conducting outreach programmes aimed at improving awareness on wildlife conservation and mitigating human-wildlife conflict, and improving social security measures for the frontline staff of the forest department and those affected by human-wildlife conflict.
On these projects, Sanjay works with a wide cross-section of people including policy makers, media personnel, local communities and social leaders.
Sanjay firmly believes in the importance of community involvement and conservation awareness, and that led to the establishment of the Holématthi Nature Information Center near the MM Hills Wildlife Sanctuary.